I love author studies. One of the main reasons is because students of all ages can study the works of one author and begin to see authors as real people. Another is because studying books allows students to interact with those books on a deep and meaningful level. There are so many directions a teacher can take with author studies, as well. A teacher can help students look for figurative language, synonyms and antonyms, homophones and homographs, but s/he can also guide students toward higher level thinking. Discussing books together helps students make inferences and draw conclusions about what they’re reading.
This year, I have spent a lot of time finding and creating questions for my students to discuss on Google Classroom, but I haven’t been entirely happy with the results. The usual high-achievers post thoughtful responses, but my struggling students post one word or forget to post altogether and definitely do not respond to their peers’ posts. One day last week as I was driving to work, I had an “aha” (or maybe it was a “duh”) moment. I thought, “Maybe if I make discussion cards and my students have an opportunity to talk about what they’ve read before they write about it, engagement will increase!”
Currently, we’re studying Chris Van Allsburg and I have used these Houghton Mifflin Teacher’s Guides that I found through a simple Google search for a couple of years. I really like the open-ended questions, so I decided not to reinvent the wheel. I put my energy into thinking about management.
I create the cards using the Houghton Mifflin questions. I number the questions and print the question cards out on a different color of card stock for each question. (Stay with me.) After reading each book, I divide the students up into question groups (all of the pink ones together, all of the blue twos together, all of the green threes together, etc.) to discuss individual questions in small groups. Then, after a few minutes, I get their attention and have them form jigsaw groups. Each new group needs one person with each color card in the group (one member with a pink one, one member with a blue two, one member with a green three, etc.) in order to discuss all of the questions. Following their discussions, students still write their responses to the questions on Google Classroom.
I am still testing this new approach, but I am heartened by the results, so far. I am attaching the question sets for blog readers to download and would LOVE some feedback. I am offering them for free because I did not write the questions so I wouldn’t feel comfortable profiting off someone else’s work. I’m simply sharing this idea as a way to improve engagement with literature using jigsaw groups.
I think you could also use these question cards in guided reading groups or in book clubs. Let me know how you might use these discussion cards!